Rumex hastatus D. Don.
Habitat Western Himalayas from Kumaon to Kashmir, between 300— 2,400 m.
Folk Amlora, Chumlora (Kumaon); Khattimal, Katambal (Punjab).
The root and bark yield 21—23% tannin.
Rumex maritimus Linn. Family Polygonaceae.
Habitat The temperate Himalayas, Assam, Bengal, Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.
English Golden Dock.
Unani Seeds—Beejband, (siyah or safed), Jangali Paalak.
Action Leaves—catharitic; externally applied to burns. Seeds— incorporated in sex-tonics as aphrodisiac. (Seeds of Sida cord folia and Abutilon indicum are also used as Beejband.) Roots are used as a substitute for rhubarb.
The leaves contain anthraquinones both in free and bound forms. The fruits contain rumarin (0.12%) rutin and hyperin. The seeds contain 5.1% tannin.
The roots are purgative; contain chrysophanic acid, saccharose and tannin (6%).
The seeds and leaves contain rumann, rutin, hyperin, chrysophanic acid, charose, tannin, emodin and its monoethyl ether, beta- sitosterol and its glucoside.
Rumex nepalensis Spreng.
564 Rumex scutatus Linn.
Habitat The temperate Himalayas, Western Ghats and the Nilgiris.
Folk Kulli (Kumaon).
Action Root—purgative. A substitute for Rheum palmatum. Leaves— an infusion is given in colic, externally applied to syphilitic ulcers.
The roots contain nepodin, chrysophanic acid, also 12.8% tannin.
Rumex scutatus Linn.
Habitat Western Himalayas up to an altitude of 2,400 m.
English French Sorrel.