Terminalia citrina Roxb. ex Flem. Family Combretaceae.
Habitat Foothills of Himalayas from Nepal eastwards to Assam.
Folk Haritaki (Bengal); Monalu
(Assam), Suravaari Harad (Gujarat).
Action Bark—diuretic, cardiotonic. Fruits—used as those of T chebula.
The tannin in the fruit is reported to be between 3 0—40% of the dry weight.
Wight & Am.
Habitat Western Andhra Pradesh and Central India.
English Leathery Murdah.
Folk Tani (Andhra Pradesh)
Action Bark—cardiac stimulant.
Terminalia tomentosa W &A. 655
Heurck & Muell.-Arg.
Habitat Eastern Himalayas, from North Bengal eastwards to Assam, Khasi Hills and Arunachal Pradesh.
Ayurvedic Kakubha (also a synonym of Arjuna tree).
Action Bark—cardiac stimulant, mild diuretic.
The bark gave beta-sitosterol, and about 18% tannins. Ellagic, gallic, chebulinic and chebulagic acids—main constituents of ellagitannins, and leuco-cyanidin, an important precursor to flavonoid tannins, have been isolated.
Terminalia paniculata Roth.
Habitat Forests of Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats up to 1,200 m.
English Flowering Murdah.
Folk Kinjal (Maharashtra);
Neemeeri, Nimiri (Andhra
Pradesh); Pekadukkai (Tamil