Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merrill.
Synonym C. decumana Watt. C. grandis (L.) Osbeck.
Habitat North-eastern region up to 1,500 m in Assam and Tripura.
English Pummelo, Shaddock.
Folk Mahaa-nibu, Sadaaphal.
Action Fruit—cardiotonic. Leaves, flowers and rind—used as a sedative in nervous affections. Leaves— used in convulsive cough, chorea, epilepsy, also in the treatment of haemorrhagic diseases. A lotion of boiled leaves used hot in painful swellings. The essential oil from
156 Citrus medica Linn.
fresh leaves exhibits dermatophytic, and fungistatic activity
flThe root-bark contains beta-sitosterol and acridone alkaloids. It also contains several coumarins. The alkaloids and coumarins show antimicrobial acitivity
The essential oil from the leaves
and unripe fruits contain 20% limonin,
30% nerolol, 40% nerolyl acetate and
Citrus medica Linn.
Family b’ Rutaceae.
Habitat b Khasi Hills, submountainous Himalayan ranges in Garhwal, Kumaon in U.P., Maland areas
of South, Pachmarhi (Madhya Pradesh), Sikkim and Western Ghats.
Ayurvedic Maatulunga, Lunga, Maatulaka, Mahaalunga, Bijpuura, Bijaahva.
Unani b Turanj.
refrigerant, astringent, carminative, stomachic, antibacterial. Used