Eupatorium triplinerve Vahi.
transplanted tumour growth in mice in a dose-dependent manner.
An aqueous extract of the plant exhibited anti-necrotic activity against carbon tetrachloride -induced hep atotoxicity in rats. The effect is attributed to the presence of flavonoids, rutoside, hyperoside and quercetin; phenolic acids, caffeic and chlorogenic; and not due to the presence of eupatoriopicrin.
Acrylic acid and the lactic, malic and citric acids, present in the plant, also exhibited protective effect against acute toxicity induced by ethanol in mice.
The polysaccharides have immunostimulatory activity and enhance phagocytosis in a number of immunological tests. The leaf oil is reported to exhibit fungicidal effect.
A related species, Eupatori urn odor- urn Linn., is known as Gondri in On-
Eupatorium triplinerve Vahi. Synonym E. ayapana Vent.
Family Cornpositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Native to Brazil; naturalized in many parts of India; grown in gardens of Maharashtra.
English Ayapana Tea.
Ayurvedic Vishalyakarani, Ayaapaana.
Folk Ayapani (Maharashtra). Action Cardiac stimulant, laxative,
emetic, expectorant, bechic, antiscorbutic, alterative. Used in ague, also in dyspepsia. Leafó anticholerin, haemostatic.
The leaves contain ayapanin and ayapin, with pronounced haemostatic properties. The leaves also contain carotene and free vitamin C (25 mg/ 100 g); there is 100% increase in vitamin C content on frying the leaves in oil.
A aqueous extract of dried leaves and shoots exhibits cardiac stimulant activity, increasing the force of the heartbeat but diminishing its frequency.
The plant is comparable to chamomile (Anthernis sp.).
Euphorbia antiquorum Linn.
Habitat The warmer regions of India; often cultivated for hedges.
English Triangular Spurge.
Ayurvedic Snuhi (Substitute), Vajra-kantaka, Vajratundi