Echinochloa crus-galli (Linn.) Beauv.

Synonym Pan icurn crus-galli Linn.

Family Gram ineae; Poaceae.

Habitat Cultivated mainly in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Tam ii Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.

English Barnyard Millet. Ayurvedic Ambah Shyaamaaka.

Siddha/Tamil Oathupul.

Folk Samak.

Action Whole plant—used for diseases of the spleen and for checking haemorrhage.

The grains are rich in carbohydrates (3.474 wt %) and trace elements (Cu, Cd, Cr, Ni, Fe, Mn, Sn). The total protein content is 4.2 wt% and the total lipids 4.46%. A hormone, oestrogen, is reported from the lipid.

A polysaccharide extracted from the endosperm and composed of glucose was identified as a phytoglycogen.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.