Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.


Family Mimosaceae.

Habitat Native to West Indies; now occurring throughout India.

English Cassie Flower, Cassie Absolute, Sweet Acacia.

Ayurvedic Arimeda, Vitkhadira.

Unani Vilaayati Kikar, Gandbabuul, Guyaa Babuul, Durgandh Khair.

Siddha/Tamil Kastuurivel, Vedday­ala.

Action Bark—astringent, demul­

cent, anthelmintic, antidysenteric,

anti-inflammatory (used in stom­

atitis, ulcers, swollen gums, dental

caries, bronchitis, skin diseases).

Ripe pods contain tannins and sev­eral polyphenolic compounds. Essen­tialoilfrompods—directmusclerelax­ant, cardiac depressant and sedative.

Various plant parts are used in in­sanity, epilepsy, delirium and convul­sions.

Acacia leucophloea Willd.

Theethanolicextractofunripepods yields a glycosidal fraction  which exhibits anti-inflammatory ac­tivity. Italsoshowssignificantantibac­terial activity.

The plant actsasan antiseptic agent for curing sores, gums and loose teeth. The flowers are the source of Cassie perfume.

Themainconstituentsoftheflowers are benzyl, anisic, decylic and cuminic aldehydes, as well as traces of geraniol, farnesol and linalool.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.