Balanites aegyptiaca (Linn.) Delile.

Synonym B. roxburghii Planch.

Family Simaroubaceae; Balanitaceae.

Habitat Drier parts of India, particularly in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Deccan.

English Desert Date.

Ayurvedic Ingudi, Angaar Vrksha,

Taapasa vrksha,

Dirghkantaka.

Unani Hingan, Hanguul.

Siddha/Tamil Nanjunda.

Folk Hingol, Hingota, Hingothaa.

Action Seed—expectorant, bechic. Oil antibacterial, antifungal.

Fruit—used in whooping cough; also in leucoderma and other skin diseases. Bark—spasmolytic.

The plant is reported to be a potential source of diosgenin (used in oral contraceptives). The fruit pulp contains steroidal saponins. The diosgenin content of the fruit varies from 0.3 to 3.8%. Aqueous extract of fruits showed spermicidal activity without local vaginal irritation in human up to 4%; sperms became sluggish on contact with the plant extract and then became immobile within 30 s; the effect was concentration-related.

Protracted administration of the fruit pulp extract produced hyperglycaemia-induced testicular dysfunction in dogs. An aqueous extract of mesocarp exhibited antidiabetic activity in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in mice.

The seed contains balanitins, which exhibit cytostatic activity.

Dosage Leaf, seed, bark, fruit— 50—100 ml decoction.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.