Balsamodendron myrrha Nees.

Synonym Commiphora molmol Engl.

C. abyssinica (Berg.) Engl.

Family Burseraceae.

Habitat Arabia, Somaliland.

Ayurvedic Bola, Hiraabola, Surasa, Barbara, Gandharasa.

Unani Murmakki, BoL


Action Oleo-gum-resin—emmenagogue (used for irregular

menstruation and painful periods), anti-inflammatory (on pharyngitis and gingivitis), antiseptic, bacteriostatic, antiviral, astringent, stimulant, expectorant, stomachic, carminative (in dyspepsia), a leucocytogenic agent (increases number of white cells in the blood). Used externally for treating acne, boils and pressure sores, internally as a blood purifier.

Key application In topical treatment of mild inflammations of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa. (German Commission E.) As a gargle or mouth rinse for the treatment of aphthous ulcers, tonsillitis, common cold and gingivitis. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia, ESCOP.)

The gum (30—60%) contains acidic polysaccharides, volatile oil (2—10%) including other constituents, heerabolene, eugenol, furanosequiterpenes and monoterpenes.

Myrrh is taken as a powder or a tincture, rather than as an infusion; used generally externally or as a gargle.

Aqueous suspension of the gum resin decreased ethanol-induced and indomethacin-induced ulcer in rats.

Dosage Gum-resin—3—5 g.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.