Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.

Aquilaria agallocha -1.jpg

Synonym _ A. malaccensis Lamk.

Family _ Thymelaceae.

Habitat _ The hills of Assam,

Meghalaya, Nagaland, Manipur and


English _ Aloewood, Eaglewood,


Ayurvedic _ Aguru, Krimij, Krishnaaguru,

Jongaka, Maaliyaka, Loha,

Kaalaloha, Asitaka.


Aquilaria agallocha -2.jpg


Unani _ Ood-ul Hindi, Ood Gharqi.

Siddha/Tamil _ Akil kattai, Agil.

Action _ Heartwood—astringent,

carminative, antiasthmatic, antidiarrhoeal,

antidysenteric; used in

gout, rheumatism and paralysis; as

a stimulant in sexual debility; as

a liniment in skin diseases.

The agarwood or eaglewood of commerce

is derived from the fungus infected

tree through wounds caused

by the species of Aspergillus, Fusarium,

Penicillium, and also by some of Fungi

Imperfecti. Agarwood on distillation

yields an essential oil, known as Agar

Oil. The essential oil yields a number

of agarofurans, sesquiterpene alcohols

and spirosesquiterpene alcohols.

The stemwood yields sesquiterpenoids—

gmelofuran and agarol; also

a coumarinolignan—aquillochin.




Dosage _ Heartwood—2-42g powder.

Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

01 September 2013

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.