Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.



Synonym B. frondosa Koenig ex Roxb.



Family : Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.

Butea monosperma

Habitat Throughout India, up to 1,200 m except in very arid regions.

English Flame of the Forest, Butea Gum, Bengal Kino.

Ayurvedic Paalasha, Kimshuka, Raktapushpaka, Kshaarshreshtha, Brahmavriksha, Samidvar.

Unani Dhaak, Samagh Dhaak, Kamarkas.

Siddha/Tamil Palasam, Purasus. Folk Tesu.


Butea monosperma

Action Bark—astringent, styptic (prescribed in bleeding piles, ulcers, haemorrhages, menstrual disorders), anthelmintic. Flowers— astringent, diuretic, emmenagogue (also given for leucorrhoea). A decoction of flowers is given in diarrhoea and haematuria, also to puerperal women.

Seeds—clinical use of seeds as an anthelmintic drug is not considered safe in humans.

Leaves—antibacterial. Stem bark— antifungal.

An aqueous extract of flowers has shown hepatoprotective activity against CCI4-induced liver injury in albino rats. Extracts of flowers have exhibited

anti-oestrogenic activity in

mice. The seed suspension, on oral

administration to albino rats (175 and

350 mg/kg body weight), showed 38.46

and 68.75% cases, respectively, where

pregnancy was not interrupted but foe

tus was malformed.

Alcoholic extract of the whole plant

produced persistent vasodepression in



Butea monosperma

The plant contains flavonoids and

glucosides—butin, butrin, isobutrin

and palastrin. Flowers contain butrin,

coreopsin, monospermoside and their

derivatives and sulphurein; also chal


Dosage Stem bark—5—l0 g powder

(API Vol. II); flower—3—6 g powder;

seed—3 g powder; gum—0.5—L5 g


Butea monosperma


Butea monosperma


Butea monosperma



Medicinal plants of India ; Ayurveda

Encyclopedia of Indian Medicinal Plants/Herbs mainly using in Ayurveda with good quality pictures and information like therapeutic usage of Medicinal Plants, cultivation, morphology, habitat, flower characters, Chemical content, parts used, research works etc.