Habitat Throughout the greater part of India.
Ayurvedic Aakaarakarabha substitute (doubtful).
Siddha/Tamil Maasipathri.
Folk Mastaru, Mukhatari, Maachipatri (Maharashtra).
Action Leaf—stomachic, antispasmodic, sedative, emmenagogue, deobstruent, antiseptic. Used in amenorrhoea.
Aerial parts of the plant afforded clerodane derivatives. Presence of phytol, lupeol, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, a phenylalanine derivative, hardwickiic acid, strictic acid and butenolides, is reported.
Aura amide was also isolated from the aerial parts.
A mixture of flavonoids extracted from the aerial parts exhibited oestrogenicity and anti-implantation activity

in mice. A crude extract of the plant exhibited strong cytotoxic activity.
Graptophyllum picum (L.) Griff.
Synonym G. hortense Nees. Justica picta L.
Habitat A native to Polynesia; introduced into Indian gardens.
English Caricature Plant.
Folk Kaalaa-aduusaa (Maharashtra). Ysjudemaram (Tamil Nadu).
Action Leaves—emollient and resolvent; applied to swellings and ulcers. (Used as a substitute for
Adhatoda vasica).
Grewia asiatica auct. non L. Synonym G. subinaequalis DC. Family Tiliaceae.
Habitat Extensively cultivated in India.
Ayurvedic Parushaka, Parusha.
Unani Phaalsaa.
Siddha/Tamil Palisa, Thadachi.
Action Fruit—stomachic, astringent, cooling. Bark—demulcent. Root bark—antirheumatic. Leaf— used in pastular eruptions.
The bark contains taraxasterol, betasitosterol, erythrodiol; lupeol, betulin, lupenone, friedelin; alpha-amyrin. The


Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage