Action b Fruit—anticatarrhal (used in bronchitis). Bark—demulcent, sudorific. Used in skin diseases. Seed—astringent, carminative, antidiarrhoeal.
The plant gave kaempferol glycosides. Leaves contain octacosanol and taraxerol-OAC, friedelin-3-alpha- OAC, 3 beta-ol and beta-sitosteroL Bark contains friedelin, betulin and beta-sitosterol.

Guettarda speciosa Linn.

Family Rubiaceae.

Habitat Native to tropical America; occurs in tidal forests of South India and in Andaman Islands. (An extract of flowers, resembling rose-water, in sold in Travancore markets.)
Action Bark—used in chronic dysentery; also applied to wounds and abscesses.
Guizotia abyssinica Cass.
Family Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Native to tropical Africa. Cultivated in Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Orissa.

Siddha/Tamil Pey Ellu, Uch Ellu.
Folk Raam-til, Kaalaa Til, Sargujaa.
Action Oil from seed—antirheumatic.
The seeds yield an oil (33%), a mixture of triglycerides, lauric, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and arachidic acids. The unsaponifiable matter is a mixture of stigmasterol,
ntriacontane and lupeol. Seeds contain

lysine.

Gymnema hirsutum
Wight & Am.
Family Asclepiadaceae.

Habitat Southern parts of Uttar Pradesh adjoining Madhya Pradesh, also in Bihar and Western Chats.
Folk Gurmaar (related species).
Action Leaf—when chewed, temporarily paralyses the sense of taste for sweet and bitter substances. Plant—used as stomachic, bechic, expectorant, and in male impotency, poor lactation.
The leaves contain gymnemic acid.
Gym nema montanum Hook. f.
Family
Asclepidaceae.
Habitat Western Chats from Konkan southwards.
Folk Gurmaar (related species). Action See G.
sylvertre.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage