Action Febrifuge, bitter tonic.

302 Hardwickia binata Roxb.

A closely related species, Haplanthus tentaculatus Nees, is also known as Kaalaa-Kiryaat. The herb is given in fever.
Hardwickia binata Roxb.
Family
Caesalpiniaceae.
Habitat Dry forests of Deccan
Peninsula, Central India and parts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Ayurvedic Anjana.
Siddha/Tamil Katudugu, Kodapalai. Action Balsam—used for sexually
transmitted diseases. The balsam is similar to Copaiba balsam
(Copaifera langsdorffii Desf., Leguminosae) of Brasil and is used in leucorrhoea, chronic cystitis, gonorrhoea, combined with cubebs and sandal. The resin (not the oleo-resin) is used as diuretic.
The essential oil of
H. binata is not a substitute for Copaiba oil.
The methanolic extract of the heart- wood yields beta-sitosterol, (+)-taxifolin, eriodictyol, (+)-catechin, (+)-epicatechin and (+)-mopanol. The phenolic compounds are said to impart antibacterial and antifungal property to the herb.
The bark has a good absorption capacity for mercury from water.
Hedera helix Linn.
Synonym H. rhombea Sieb. & Zucc.

Habitat Hills of Tamil Nadu. Grown in gardens as an ornamental.
English Common Ivy, Bentwood. Siddha/Tamil Maravalai. Action Leaf—expectorant, antispasmodic, antineuralgic, vasoconstrictive.
Fruit—used in jaundice, haemptysis. Flower—antidysenteric. Leaf and resin—emmenagogue. Tender twigs—boiled in butter, used for sunburn. Extracts are used in some cosmetic preparations.
Key application In catarrh of the upper respiratory passages, symptomatic treatment of chronic inflammatory bronchial conditions. (German Commission E.)
The stem and bark gave triterpene glycosides, named kizuta saponins. Oleanolic acid glycoside was also obtained from the plant but the presence of emetine could not be confirmed in subsequent work. The fruits gave hederagenin glycosides.
Emetin has been isolated from European and British plant. The fruit and hederagenin glycosides exhibit molluscacidal activity. Emetine-containing plant is amoebicidal.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage