Family Zingiberaceae.
Habitat Central Himalaya at 1,100— 2,500 m, East India and hills of
South India.
English Spiked Ginger Lily.
Ayurvedic Shathi, Shati, Gandhashathi, Gandhapalaashi, Kapuurkachari, Suvrataa, Gandhaarilcaa, Gandhavadhuu, Gandhamuulikaa.
Unani Kapuurkachari.
Siddha/Tamil Poolankizangu, Kichilikizangu.
Folk Ban-haldi (Kumaon).
Action Rhizome—carminative, spasmolytic, hepatoprotective, anti-inflammatory, antiemetic, antidiarrhoeal, analgesic, expectorant, antiasthmatic, emmenagogue, hypoglycaemic, hypotensive, antimicrobial, anthelmintic, insect- repellent.
The rhizome shows hypotensive effect in dogs at low doses, lowers blood pressure in high doses.

     

304 Hedyotis corymbosa (Linn.) Lam.

EtOH (50%) extract—anti-inflam mator and hypoglycaemic; gave en couragin results in tropical pulmo nar eosinophilia in clinical studies.
Alcoholic extract of the plant—va sodilator mild hypotensive and an tisepti in animals. Essential oil from
rhizome—mild tranquilizer in male
albino rats; antimicrobial.
Rhizome gave sitosterol and its glu coside a furanoid diterpene—hedy chenon and 7-hydroxyhedychenone.
The essential oil contains cineole,
gamma-terpinene, limonene, beta pheilandrene p-cymene, linalool and
beta-terpineol as maj or constituents.
The oil inhibits the growth of sev era fungi. The ethanol (95%) extract
showed antibacterial activity. The 50%
extract showed antimalarial activity
in vitro against Plasmodium berghei
strain.
Dosage Rhizome—1—3 g powder. (API Vol. I.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage