Hedyotis corymbosa
(Linn.) Lam.
Synonym Oldenlandia corymbosa Linn.
Habitat A weed in wet, low lands and in cultivated fields.
Ayurvedic Kshetraparpata (used in Kerala as Parpataka).
Action Purifies blood, improves digestion, stimulates action of liver.
The presence of caffeine and fumaric acid has been reported in
H. corym Iridoidoglucoside

have been isolated from H. dffusa Wilid. The plant is reported to have immunop otentiation activity and has been used in China to treat some tumours. An aqueous extract of the plant yielded a polysaccharide composed of rhamnose, arabinose, xylose, mannose, galactose and glucose.
Hedyotis herbacea Linn., synonym Oldenlandia herbacea Roxb. is also used in Kerala as Parpata, Parpataka.
Fumaria indica.
Helianthus annuus Linn.
Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Native to America. Cultivated in India.
English Sunflower.
Ayurvedic Suurajmukhi, Suuryaavarta.
Siddha/Tamil Suryakanti.
Action Seeds—build up physical endurance and resistance against diseases; a decoction is used
in coughs and colds, bronchial, laryngeal and pulmonary affections, whooping cough, also as a febrifuge and diuretic.
The seeds contain a fatty oil (37— 48%), rich in polyunsaturated acids (linoleic 70%, oleic 20%). The oil also contains tocopherols (alpha-type 92% of the total) and phytosterol (betasitosterol 154 mcg!l00 g). In Europe and USA, several hybrids produce oils rich in oleic acid. Sunflower oil is reported to decrease the risk of coronary and arterial diseases.


Heliotropium indicum Linn. 305

Extracted oil from dehulled seeds (chiorogenic acid, present in hulls, interferes with lipid metabolism) reduced serum and hepatic cholesterol in healthy women.
The tubers of
Helianthus tuberosus Linn., a related species, consists mainly of inulin. The dried tubers

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage