Seeds, steeped in water, are used for asthma, cold, flu.
Fatty oil of seeds contains phospholipids梐lpha cephalin, phosphatidylserine and its plasmalogen and phosphatidylcholine plasmalogen. Absolute contains farnesol and ambrettolic acid lactones.
The seeds contain chiefly
2-trans, 6-trans-farnesyl acetate, 2-cis, 6-trans farnesyl acetate and ambrettolide. The leaves contain beta-sitosterol and its beta-D-glucoside.
Dosage Seed𦍀 g powder.
(API Vol. IV.)

Hibiscus cannabinus Linn.

Family b Malvaceae.

Habitat Native to tropical America and Africa; cultivated in West BengaL Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Bihar and Punjab.
English Bimlipatam Jute, Kenaf, Mesta, Deccan Hemp.
Siddha/Tamil b Pulichhai, Pulimanji, Kasini.
Folk Patsan, Pitwaa. Ambaadi (Maharashtra).
Action Seed梟ervine tonic, analgesic. Leaf梡urgative. The juice of flowers, mixed with sugar and black pepper, is given for biliousness.

The leaves contain flavonoids, including rutin and isoquercitrin; kaempferol; polyphenols. The flowers gave myricetin glucoside; the root contains polyphenols, also proanthocyanidins. The seeds gave phosphonolipids.

Hibiscus mutabilis Linn.

Family Malvaceae.

Habitat Native to China; planted in the hedges of gardens.
English Cotton-Rose, Chinese- Rose, Confederate Rose.
Ayurvedic Sthala-Padam, SthalKamal.
Siddha/Tamil Irratai-veilaichembarattam, Sembarattai.
Action Flower梪sed in pectoral and pulmonary affections. Leaf and flower梕xpectorant, bechic, anodyne. Used in menorrhagia, dysuria, swellings, fistulae, wounds and burns.
The flowers contain quercetin, kaempferol, betulinic acid, hexyl stearate, tetratriacontanol, nonacosane, stigmasta-3, 7-dione, stigmasta-4-ene- one and beta-sitosterol. Flowers collected in the morning gave no anthocyanin; maximum anthocyanin is found in the afternoon.

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.

Family Malvaceae.

Habitat Native of China; grown in gardens throughout India.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage