2,350—5,000 m.
English Seabuckthorn, Sand Thorn.
Folk Dhurchuk, Chumaa, Tarwaa (Uttar Pradesh), Sirmaa (Punjab, Ladakh).
Action Fruit—astringent, antidiarrhoeal, stomachic, antitussive, antihaemorrhagic.
Sea Buckthorn preparations are used internally for stomach ulcer, duode nal ulcer and other illnesses of the alimentary organs; externally in cases of burns, bedsores and other skin complications induced by the treatment with X-rays and other radiations.
The berries contain polyphenols, 3,4-dihydroxy benzoic acid and pcoumaric acid. They are an important source of vitamins for people living in cold, long winter regions; contain high concentration of vitamin A (carotene 30—40 mg), Bl, B2, B6, C (50—600 mg) and E (160 mg!l00 g).


312 Hiptage benghalensis Kurz.

The plant is an effective antioxidant and shows protective effect on smooth muscles of rabbits in vitro. The methanolic extract of the berry showed scavenging activity on chemically generated superoxide radicals.
The leaves contain flavonoids, isorhamnetin and astragalin; the bark gave serotonin.
Hiptage benghalensis Kurz. Synonym H. madablota Gaertn. Family i Malpighiaceae.
Habitat Throughout the warmer parts of Maharashtra, Konkan, Karnataka and other parts of India.
Ayurvedic ø Atimukta, Atimuktaka, Maadhavi, Vaasanti, Pundrika, Mandaka, Vimukta, Kaamuka.
Siddha/Tamil Madhavi, Vasandagala-malligai.
Action Kernel of seeds is prescribed for reducing abdominal girth (obesity). Leaves—used in chronic rheumatism, asthma and skin diseases. Bark—used in bronchial asthma.
The stem and its bark contain friedelin, epi-friedelinol, octacosanol, alphaamyrin, beta-sitosterol and its beta-Dglucoside. The root bark gave a nitrogenous glucoside, hiptagin, identical with endecaphyllin and a glucosyl xanthone, mangiferin.
Dosage Fruit, seed, root—powder 3—5 g; paste 5—10 g. (CCRAS.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage