Ayurvedic Paarseeka Vachaa, Haimavati, Shveta Vachaa, Baalbach.
Unani Irsaa, Sosan, Iris.
Folk Marjal, Unarjal (Kashmir).
Action Used in diseases of the liver.
Aerial parts contain xanthone glycosides; C-glycoside of apigenin and phenolic acids. Roots contain ceryl alcohol.
Natural irones, the main constituent of Orris oil, are obtained from different species of Iris. The laccases, obtained from Iris species and other plants are used in hair cosmetic preparations, as an oxidizing agent in oxidative hair dyes and permanent hair wave-setting compositions. The root extracts of Iris species are used in cosmetic preparations for the prevention of skin roughness and ageing.
Iris germanica Linn.
Family Iridaceae.
Habitat Native of Italy and
Morocco; cultivated in Kashmir,
also found run wild on graves.

English Orris, Iridis Rhizome, German Iris.
Ayurvedic Paarseeka Vachaa, Haimavati, Shveta Vachaa (also considered as Pushkarmuula), Baal-bach.
Action Demulcent, antidiarrhoeal, expectorant. Extract of the leaf is
used for the treatment of frozen feet.
Key
application In irritable bowel, summer diarrhoea in children, in stubborn cases of respiratory congestion. (Folk medicine.) (Claims negatively evaluated by German Commission E: “blood-purifying,” “stomach-strengthening” and
“gland-stimulating.”)
The rhizomes gave triterpenes, betasitosterol, alpha-and beta-amyrin and isoflavonoids; an essential oil, about 0.1—2%, known as “Orris butter,” consisting of about 85% myristic acid, with irone, ionone, methyl myristate. Isoflavonoids include irisolidone, irigenin and iridin. In volatile oil, chief constituents are cis-alpha and cis-gamma-irones. Triterpenes include iridal and irigermanal. Rhizomes also gave xanthones C. glucosyixanthones (Orris root is the root of
Iris germanica. In homoeopathy, Iris versicolor is used.)
Related species I. florentina Linn.; I. pallida Lam.
Iris kemaonensis Wall.

Family Iridaceae.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage