Staphylococcus aureus; also exhibits fungitoxicity.
Alcoholic extract (50%) of the whole plant exhibited hypoglycaemic and anticancer activity.
Hyssopus officinalis Linn.
Family Labiatae; Lamiaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe and temperate Asia. Occurs in West Himalyas from Kashmir to Kumaon.
English Hyssop.
Ayurvedic Dayaa-kunji. (Nepeta longibractea is also equated with Zuufaa, Dayaa-kunji.)
Unani Zuufaa, Zuufaa Yaabis.

Folk Diyaanku (Laddakh).

Hyssopus officinalis Linn. 321

Action Stimulant, carminative, sedative, antispasmodic, diuretic, pectoral. Used for bronchitis, coughs and colds. Induces heavy sweating in fevers, increases blood pressure. Emmenagogue. Used externally for bruises, discoloured contusions and cuts.
Key application As expectorant. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
Hyssop contains terpenoids, including marrubiin; a volatile oil consisting mainly of camphor, pinocamphone and beta-pinene; flavonoids, glucosides, tannins and resin. Marrubiin is a strong expectorant. The plant also contains ursolic acid, an anti-

inflammatory principle. The alcoholic extract of the aerial parts at flowering yields an active antioxidant compound, rosmanol-9-ethyl ether. Its activity is much greater than butylated hydroxytoluene. The extract of the plant showed weak hepatoprotective activity against CC14-induced toxicity in albino mice.
Pinocamphone and isopinocamphone are toxic constituents of the essential oil. Wild plants from Kumaon (Uttaranchal) shows presence of very small amounts of pinocamphone (0.61%) in essential oil, as compared to Himalayan hyssop (38.44%) and cultivated North American hyssop (42.66%). The essential oil can induce epileptic seizures.


Iberis amara Linn.

Folk b Kaalisar, Karantaa.

Family Cruciferae; Brassicaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe; cultivated in gardens. Reported to occur in
English Rocket Candytuft, Clown’s Mustard.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage