Action Root—diuretic, spasmolytic, antiithic. Used for urinary discharges. Leaf and stem— depurative. Leaf and fruit—used in skin diseases.
The roots gave aipha-spinasteryl acetate. The fatty acid from the fat of roots gave myristic, palmitic, stearic and oleic acids.

Hordeum vulgare Linn.

Family Gramineae; Poaceae.

Habitat Cultivated as food crop in Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.
English Barley
Ayurvedic Yava, Hayeshtha, Hayapriya, Shuka-dhaanya, Tikshnashuka.
Unani Barley, Jao Shaeer.
Siddha Yavam. Saambaluppu (ash). Action Barley—nutritive and
demulcent during convalescence and in cases of bowel inflammation

and diarrhoea. Protects immune
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends barley in urinary disorders, muscular rigidity, chronic sinusitis, cough, asthma, lipid disorder and obesity.
Juice of young barley leaves—7 times richer in vitamin C than oranges, 5 times richer in iron than spinach, 25 times richer in potassium than wheat; high in SOD (superoxide dismutase), an enzyme that slows ageing of cells.
The nutritional quality of the barley depends on beta-glucan fraction of the grain. Beta-glucan-enriched fraction produced cholesterol-lowering effect in hamsters.
Naked barley extracts have been found to selectively inhibit cyclohexanase activity and may be useful as a therapeutic drug for treating thrombosis and atherosclerosis.
Ethanol extract of young green leaves exhibits antioxidant activity attributed to a flavonoid, 2”-O-glucosyl- isovitexin. It also exhibits anti-inflammatory and antiallergic activities. The leaves contain an indole alkaloid, gramine, which exhibits antibacterial properties.
Dosage Dried fruit—l00—200 g.
(API Vol. II); dried plant—10—20 g. (API Vol. IV.)
Hovenia dulcis Thunb.
Synonym H. acerba Lindl.

Family Rhamnaceae.

Humulus lupulus Linn. 315

Habitat Native to China. Now cultivated in Kumaon, Sikkim and West Bengal.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage