Action Used as a substitute for Centella asiatica, as a blood purifier (in cutaneous diseases); for indigestion, dysentery and nervousness.
The plant is used for treating leucoderma.
Hydrocotyle rotundifolia Roxb. (throughout India, up to 2,350 m) is also equated with Manduukaparni.
Hydrolea zeylanica Vahl. Family Hydrophyllaceae.
Habitat Throughout India, in moist and swampy places.
Ayurvedic Wrongly equated with
Laangali. (Laangali is equated with
Gloriosa superba Linn.) Known as
Ish-languulia (West Bengal).
Action Leaves and paste— used for callous ulcers. Plant— antiprotozoal.
Hygrophila auriculata
(K. Schum.) Heine.
Synonym H. schulli (Ham.) MR &
SM Almeida.
H. spinosa T. anders.
Asteracantha longfolia (L.) Nees.
Family Acanthaceae.
Habitat Throughout India along the banks of fresh or stagnant water ditches and swampy grounds, mixed with marshy grasses and sedges.
Ayurvedic Kokilaaksha, Kokilaakshi, Ikshuraka, Ikshura, Kshuraka, Bikshu, Kaakekshu.


Folk Brahma-manduuki (Sikkim).

318 Hymenodictyon excelsum Wall.

Unani Taalmakhaanaa.
Siddha/Tamil Neermulli.
Action Leaves, roots and seeds— diuretic; used for diseases of the urinogenital tract, spermatorrhoea. Seeds promote sexual vigour, arrest abortion and cure diseases due to vitiated blood. Also used for arthritis and oedema.
The seeds contain large amounts of tenacious mucilage and potassium salts, which may be responsible for the diuretic property of seeds. The seeds also contain linoleic acid (71%), besides diastase, lipase and protease.
EtOH (50%) extract of the plant is spasmolytic and hypotensive.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage