The flowers yielded triterpenoids— abundant in West Bengal. friedelin, taraxerol and glutinol and
a mixture of long chain hydrocarbons, Ayurvedic Parnabija, Pattharchuur, n-aLkanols and sterols. Kaempferol Pattharchat, Hemsaagar. (Paashaaand its 3-0-rhamnoside, patuletin and nabheda is a misleading synonym.) patuletin-3, 7-di-O-rhamnoside, quer- Unani Zakhm-e-Hayaat. cetin and quercetin-3-O-glucoside-
Siddha/Tamil Runakalli.
7- 0-rhamnoside are reported from
leaves and flowers. Action Leaf—anti-inflammatory, The leaves exhibit wound healing antifungal, antibacterial. Applied to
properties. wounds, burns, boils, swellings.

Khaya senegalensis A. Juss. 353

The methanolic extract of leaves exhibited potent anti-inflammatory activity against both exudative and proliferative phases of inflammation. The leaf extract also showed analgesic activity
The leaves gave flavonoids—quercetin, kaempferol, quercetin-3-diarabi- noside and kaempferol-3-glucoside; also
n -hentriacontane, n -tritriacontane, alpha- and beta-amyrin and sitosterol; p-coumaric, ferulic, syringic, caffeic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids.
Kandelia rheedii Wight & Am.
Synonym K. candel (L.) Druce.
Family Rhizophoraceae.
Habitat Costal forests ofeastern and western Peninsulas, the Sunderbans (West Bengal).
Siddha/Tamil Thuvar kandan.
Folk Rasunia (Orissa), Guria (Bengal).
Action Bark—used with ginger or long pepper and rose water
for diabetes (aqueous or alcoholic extracts of the bark did not exhibit any effect on the blood sugar of
normal or alloxan-diabetic rabbits).
The Bark contains 17.3% tannin and 13.5% non-tans. Novel proanthocyanidin dimers and trimers—all containing a phenylpropionoid substituent in the upper flavan unit, along with propelargonidin dimers and procyanidin trimers of common types, have been isolated from the bark.

Kedrostis foetidissima
(Jacq.) Cogn.
Synonym K. rostrata (Rottl.) Cogn. Bryonia rostrata Rottl.
Rhynghocarpafoetida Clarke

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage