Kochia indica Wt.

Family Chenopodiaceae.

Habitat North-western and Peninsular India.
Folk Bui-chholi (Punjab). Kauraro. Action Cardiac stimulant.
Resinous alkaloid, isolated from alcoholic extract of the plant, showed nicotinic action on autonomic ganglion and neuromuscular junction of voluntary muscles.
Fruits and leaves of a related sp.,
K. scoparia Schrad are used as a cardiac tonic and diuretic.
Petroleum ether extract of aerial parts contain n-alkanes, free alcohols and a mixture of sterols (mainly sitosterol, 70.9%).

The plant exhibits antibacterial activity which is attributed to hydrocarbons and sterols present in it. The plant is also used as an ingredient of a medicinal powder used for dermatitis.
Krameria triandra Ruiz & Pay. Family Krameriaceae.
Habitat Peru, Bolivia. Reported to be imported into India.
English Peruvian Rhatany,
Krameria.
Action Astringent, styptic,
antidiarrhoeal, vulnerary. Used for menorrhagia; topically for wounds, haemorrhoids and chilblains; as
a lozenge, gargle or mouthwash for gingivitis and pharyngitis.
Key application For topical
treatment of mild inflammations of oral and pharyngeal mucosa.
(German Commission E.)
The astringency of the drug is due to condensed tannins composed of procyanidins and propelargondins.
In India, the roots of
Hemidesmus indicus are sometimes used as a substitute for Rhatany.

Kydia calycina Roxb. Family Malvaceae.

Habitat Common in sub-
Himalayan tract.

Folk Pola, Pulu, Pula, Polao. Vendi (Tamil Nadu). Potri, Konda Potari, Pandiki, Pachabotuka (Andhra

    

356 Kyllinga triceps Rottb.

Pradesh). Velukku, Venta, Nedunar (Kerala).
Action Plant—mucilaginous, antiinflammatory, febrifuge. Leaf and root—antirheumatic. The leaves stimulate saliva. A paste of leaves is applied in body pains, used in poultices for skin diseases.
Kyllinga triceps Rottb.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage