Lactuca sativa Linn.
Unani
Kaahuu Saharai, Kaahuu
Synonym L. scariola Linn. var. Barn.
sativa C.B. Clarke. Siddha/Tamil Salattu.
Family Compositae; Asteraceae. Action Plant—mild sedative,
Habitat Native to Southern and diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant,
West Asia. Cultivated throughout antiseptic. Seed—demulcent. The
India as a cold weather crop. seeds are used in the form ofpowder
for coughs and as a decoction for
English Garden Lettuce.
insomnia.
Unani Kaahuu Bustaani, Salaad
Seeds contain protein, amino acids;
Pattaa, Salaad Baaghi. Mg Al and K as major elements besides
Siddha/Tamil Salattu. Na, Ca, Si, Ti, Mn, Fe and Cu.
Action Plant—used in painful Arachidic, caproic, linoleic, ole-
ulcers and burns. ic, palmitic, stearic acids and sitos tero (from the root); ascorbic acid,
The leaves contain calcium, phos- beta-carotene, 8-deoxylactucin, lac phorus iron, thiamine, riboflavin, nia- ticin, jacquilenin, lactupicrin, ubiqui

358 Lactuca virosa Linn.

none (from the plant) have been iso-

lated.

Lactuca virosa Linn.

Family Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat Native to Europe. Imported into India.
English Bitter Lettuce, Wild Lettuce.
Unani Kaahuu Sahrai (var.), Kaahuu Barn (var.).
Action Mild sedative, hypnotic, (once used as a substitute for
opium), anodyne, expectorant.
Key application As sedative. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
Used in insomnia, nervous excitability, anxiety, restlessness, hyperactivity in children, nymphomania, smoker’s cough, irritable cough and bronchitis.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage