urine.
The leaves contain cholesterol, stigmasterol and beta-sitosterol.
Lepidium ruderale Linn.

Family Curciferace; Brassicaceae.

Family Curciferace; Brassicaceae.

370 Lepidium sativum Linn.

Habitat Bhutan, Kumaon and Kashmir, at altitudes of 2,100— 3,900 m.
Action b Plant—used in impetigo.
The herb, seeds and volatile oil exhibit properties similar to those of other
Lepidium sp.
Aqueous extracts of the herb cause a brief drop in blood pressure and depress respiration in mice and rabbits.
Lepidium sativum Linn.
Family
Curcferace, Brassicaceae.
Habitat Native to West Asia; cultivated throughout India as a salad plant.
English Garden Cress, Water Cress. Ayurvedic Chandrashuura, Chandrikaa, Vaas-pushpaa, Pashumehankaarikaa, Nandini, Suvaasaraa, Aashaalim.
Unani Habb-ul-rashaad, Tukh-eTaratezak, Haalim, Sipandaan.
Siddha/Tamil Alivirai.
Action Used in asthma, bronchial affections and bleeding piles. Seeds—lactagogue, diuretic, and emmenagogue. Used for treating skin disorders, fever, amoebic dysentery and asthma. Leaf— stimulant, antiscorbutic, diuretic. Roots—used in secondary syphilis and in tenesmus.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the use of dried seeds, in powder form, in gout.
The seeds are a good source of iron, but its bioavailabiity is poor (5.4% of

total iron). They are used for rapid healing of bone fractures. The ethanolic extract of seeds significantly increased collagen synthesis and its deposition at bone fracture portion in the treated rats. The tensile strength of the broken tibiae also increased.
The seeds contain an alkaloid (0.19%), glucotropaeolin, sinapin (choline ester of sinapic acid), sinapic acid, mucilaginous matter (5%) and uric acid (0.108 g!kg). The seed oil exhibits pronounced oestrogenic activity.
The seed mucilage allays the irritation of the mucous membrane of intestines in dysentery and diarrhoea. It consists of a mixture of cellulose (18.3%) and uronic acid-containing polysaccharides; acid hydrolysis yield L-arabinose, D-galactose, L-rhamnose, D-glacturonic acid and D-glucose.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage