infestation; in scabies, ringworm, herpes. Fruit—hypoglycaemic, spasmolytic, antibacterial.
Capsule hair and glands gave phlo roglucino derivatives; rottlerin, isorot tlerin iso-ailorottlerin (the “red com pound” and
methylene-bis-methyl phloroacetophenon (the “yellow com pound”) The red powder, obtained
from capsules, containing largely resi nou matter, had lithotropic effect in
rats, comparable to drugs used com monl against urinary calculi. Two
more compounds designated as kama lin 1 and 2 have been isolated.
The stem bark contains kamaladiol 3-acetat and friedelin.
Dosage Glands and hairs of the fruit—0.5—1.0 g powder. (API,

Vol.1.)

Malpighia glabra Linn. Family Malpighiaceae.

Habitat Native to tropical America; cultivated in gardens as hedge.
English Barbados Cherry, Acerola.
Action Fruits—used in dysentery, diarrhoea and liver disorders. Fruits are rich in ascorbic acid (1,000—4,000 mg!100 g of edible

pulp). The bark contains about 26% tannin. Fruits of Brazilian plant gave alpha-carotene, beta-carotene and beta- cryptoxanthine.

Malpighia punicifolia Linn.

Family Malpighiaceae.

Habitat Cultivated in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.
English West Indian Cherry.
Folk Vallari (Telugu), Simeyaranelli (Kannada).
Action See Malpighia glabra.
Fruits contain ascorbic acid in high concentration (green fruits contain up to 3,000
mgIlOO g). 3-methyl-3- buten-1-ol has been identified as major volatile constituent of the fruit.
Malus pumila Mill.
Synonym M. domestica Borkh. M. sylvestris Hort. non-Mill.
Pyrus malus Linn. in part. Family Rosaceae.
Habitat Native to Europe and West Asia; now cultivated in Himachal Pradesh., Kashmir, Kulu, Kumaon, Assam and in the Nilgiris.

English Cultivated Apple. Ayurvedic Sinchitilcaa.

Folk Seb, Sev.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage