Unani Aam, Ambaj.

Siddha/Tamil Manga, Mau, Mamaram (bark), Mangottai Paruppu (seed).

Action Unripe fruit—astringent, antiscorbutic. Ripe fruit—invigorating and refrigerant in heat apoplexy. Leaves—anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, chloretic, diuretic. Used in diabetes, externally in burns and scalds. Kernel—astringent, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antispasmodic, antiscorbutic; given in diarrhoea, diabetes and menstrual disorders. Stem bark—astringent; used for haemorrhages, diarrhoea, rheumatism.
The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the dried seed in diarrhoea and dysentery; and the dried stem bark in genitourinary disorders.
Ripe mango contains sugars (9.5— 18.6%), citric acid (0.12 0.34%), ascor bic acid (10.8—225.0 mg!100 g), carotenoids as beta-carotene (2,000— 17,000 mcg/100 g). The fruit gave phenolic compounds (m-digallic acid, gallotannin, phioroglucinol, protocate - chuic acid); flavonoids (1,2,3,4-tetrahy- droxy benzene, kaempferol and myricetin).
The seed kernel contains alpha-and beta-amyrins, gallotannin, glucogallin and several sterols.
The leaves contain a pentacyclic tnterpene alcohol, indicol, besides tarax

Manilkara kauki (L.) Dubard. 397

one, taraxerol, friedelin, lupeol and beta- sitosterol. Leaves contain several sugars, free malic and citric acids and amino acids. Some esters of benzophenone C-glucosides and kinic and shikmic acids have also been reported. Mangiferin is present predominantly in the leaves and twigs.
The bark contains phenolic compounds (gallocatechin, protocatechuic acid), xanthones (homomangiferin), several triterpenoids and sterols.
All parts gave phenolic acids (ellagic acid, gallic acid, ethyl gallate); flavonoids (catechin), and xanthones (mangiferin).
Dosage Dried seed—1—2 g powder
(API, Vol. I); stem bark—3—6 g
powder, 25—50 g for decoction.
(API, Vol. III.)

Man ihot esculenta Crantz.

Family Euphorbiaceae.

Habitat Native to Brazil. Major crop in Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh.
English Manioc, Tapioca, Cassava.
Siddha/Tamil Maravalli kizhangu, Ezhalai kizhangu.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage