Marsdenia roylei Wight.
Family Asclepiadaceae.
Habitat Western and Eastern Himalayas, Simla and Kumaon, hills of Ass am.
Ayurvedic Muurvaa (var.).
Folk Maruaa-bel. Khaarchu (Garhwal).

Action Root梡urgative.

Martynia annua Linn. 399

M. hamiltonii Wight (sub-Himalayan tract and adjacent plains of Ut- tar Pradesh and Bihar) has also been equated with a Muurvaa var. It is known as Moran-adaa in folk medi cine.

Marsdenia tenacissima
Wight & Am.

Family Asclepiadaceae.

Habitat Himalayas from Kumaon to Assam, up to 1,500 m, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Deccan Peninsula.
English White Turpeth.
Ayurvedic Muurvaa, Atirasaa, Madhurasaa, Gokarni, Morataa, Madhulikaa, Suvaa, Devi, Tejani, Tiktavalli.
Siddha/Tamil Perunkurinjan.
Folk Maruaa-bel.
Action Root梡urgative, antispasmodic, mild CNS depressant; used in colic.
Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the bark in lipid disorders, also in polyuria and haemorrhagic diseases.
Roots and seeds are rich in pregnane glycosides of 2-deoxysugars, which on hydrolysis gave genins and sugars. Stem yielded tenacissosides A to E.
In folk medicine, the root is known as White Turpeth (Safed Nishoth).
Operculina turpethum (Linn.) Silva Man- so synonym Ipomoea turpethum R. Br. is the source of Turpeth (Nishoth) in Indian medicine.

Dosage Root𦍂 g powder, 10 20 g for decoction. (API, Vol.11.)
Marsilea minuta Linn.
Family
Marsileaceae.
Habitat Throughout India as a weed in marshy places.
Ayurvedic Sunishannaka, Parnaka, Vastika-parnika, Swastika, Chatushpatri, Susunishaak, Chaupaitra.
Action Sedative. Used in insomnia and in the treatment of epilepsy and behavioral disorders.
The most active anti-epileptic principle is marsilin (1-triacontanol cerotate).

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage