British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)

The herb contains coumarin derivatives; flavonoid glycosides, including kaempferol and quercetin. Dicoumarol (melitoxin) is produced when fermentation takes place in meliot. Seeds gave canavanin and trigonelline. Reported poisonous to horses. The flowers contain the flavonoids, quercetin and myricetin besides kaempferol.
The herb has shown increase in venous reflux and improvement in lymphatic kinetics. Animal experiments show an increase in healing wounds. Flower and leaf extracts have shown analgesic activity, prolongation in pento-barbital-induced hypnosis time and smooth muscle relaxant activity in mice; also exhibited hypotensive and vasodilatory activity in rabbit. Dicoumarol is a potent anticoagulant.
In Europe and China, the plant extract is used for inflammations, arthritis, rheumatism, phlebitis, venous insufficiency, haemorrhoids, brachialgia and bronchitis.
The Red Clove is equated with
Tnfolium pra tense.
Melissa axillaris (Benth.) Bakh f.
Synonym M. parvflora Benth. Family Lam iaceae.
Habitat Temperate and alpine
Himalaya, from Garhwal to Bhutan
and in Darjeeling and Aka, Mishmi and Khasi hills at 1,000ó3,600 m.
Unani Billilotan.
Action Carminative, diaphoretic, febrifuge in cases of catarrh and

†††

406 Melissa officinalis Linn.

influenza. The fruit is considered a brain tonic and useful in hypochondriac conditions.
The aerial parts of the plant yield 2% essential oil which is a good source of monoterpenic alcohols and aldehydes. It contains d-camphene 2.5, dl-alphapinene 2.3, 1-beta-pinene 2.13, deltacarene 2.05, d-limonene 12.95, azulene 1.26, linalool 13.36, 1,8-cineole 9.33, citronellal 4.0, citronellol 8.2, citral 13.0, geraniol 21.01, neptalactone 1.91, thymol 4.0 and citronellic acid 2.0%.
The herb is used as a substitute for
Melissa officinalis Linn.

Melissa officinalis Linn.

Family Lam iaceae.

Habitat Indigenous to the east Mediterranean region; introduced in India.
English Mountain Balm, Sweet or Lemon Balm.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herbís Identification and Usage