Lobelia chinensis Lour.
Synonym L. radicans Thunb. Family Campanulaceae, Lobeliaceae.
Habitat Nepal, Chota Nagpur and Khasi hifis at altitudes of 9001,500 m.
Action Plant—used in China for fevers and asthma. Root—considered depurative and antirheumatic in Indo-China. The plant is one of the constituent of a tincture formulation used for the treatment of scars.
The rhizomes of the plant are reported to contain the polyfructosan, lobelinin.
Lobelia inflata Linn.
Campanulaceae; Lobeli Habita

Native to eastern United States; imported into India.
English Indian Tabacco, Pukeweed. Ayurvedic Devanala (var.).
Action Antiasthmatic, antispasmodic, broncho-dilator, expectorant, mild sedative and relaxant. Used as a tabacco deterrent (as a major ingredient in many antismoking mixtures).
Key application In the treatment of asthma, bronchitis. (German Commission E.) As respiratory stimulant. (The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia.)
Lobelia contains piperidine alkabids, mainly lobeline, with lobelanine, lobelanidine, norlobelanine, isolobinine. Lobeline stimulates respiration in animals by stimulating respiratory centre and at high doses stimulates the vomiting centre.
Lobeline has similar but less potent pharmacological properties to nicotine but 1/20—1/5 as potent.
Lobeline (0.5%) has also been used as an active ingredient in skin-lightening preparations.
Clinical research could not demonstrate lobeline efficacy greater than placebo in smoking cessation. It was disallowed as an ingredient in anti- smoking products in the US in 1993.
(Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
The leaves contain beta-amyrin palmitate which possesses sedative and antidepressant properties comparable to the antidepressant drug mianserin. Methanolic extract of leaves exhibited antidepressant activity.


382 Lobelia leschenaultina (Persi) Skottsb.

The leaf powder is toxic at 0.6—1.0 g. (Francis Brinker.)
Lobelia Ieschenaultina
(Persi) Skottsb.
Synonym L. excelsa Lesch. Family Campanulaceae; Lobeliaceae.
Habitat Hills of South India at altitudes above 1,800 m.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage