Family Myristicaceae.

Habitat Western Ghats, Kanara and Malabar.
English Malabar Nutmeg, False Nutmeg, Bombay Nutmeg, Bombay

Ayurvedic Paashikaa, Raamapatri, Ku-Jaavitri. Pashupaashi (Kerala).
Siddha/Tamil Pathiri, Kattu Jhadi. Action Topically stimulant; applied
to indolent ulcers.
The fruit rind yielded diarylnonanoids and a lignin, malabaricanol. Leaves gave beta- sitosterol, myristic acid and its triglyceride, trimyristin.
Fat and resin are the major constituents of the Bombay mace. The crude fat (Pundi oil) is used as an embrocation in rheumatism.
The bark yields a kino.
Ripe fruits form the source of Bombay Nutmeg and Bombay Mace, used as adulterant of
Dosage Seed kernel—1.5 g powder; oil—1—3 drops. (CCRAS.)
Myroxylon balsamum Harms. Synonym M. toluferum H. B. & K. Family Leguminosae.
Habitat Indigenous to Venezuela, Columbia and Peru;. grown in Lal Bagh Botanic Garden (Bangalore) and Kallar (Nilgiris).
English Tolu Balsam tree.
Action Balsam—antiseptic, stimulant and expectorant. Used as an ingredient in cough mixtures, also used as an inhalant in cases of obstinate catarrh.
Key application Externally for poorly healing wounds, for burns, decubitus ulcers, frost bite, ulcus cruris, bruises caused by prostheses,



430 Myrsine africana Linn.

haemorrhoids; as antibacterial, antiseptic and antiparasitic (especially for scabies). (German Commission
Balsam contains cinnamic acid, benzoic acid and their esters.
Myroxylon pereirae Kolotzsch (Lal Bagh Botanic Garden, Bangalore), is the source of Peru Balsam. Used externally in the form of an ointment or tincture, as a parasiticide in scabies, ringworm and pediculosis and for bed sores and chilblains. It enters into suppositories used in hemorrhoids.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage