Nepeta cataria Linn.

Family Labiatae, Lam iaceae.

Habitat Cultivated in Britain and the USA. Occurs in Himalayas from Kashmir to Nepal at 2,000—3,300 m.
English Catnip, Catnep, Catmint. Action Leaves and flowers— gentle nerve relaxant and sedative, carminative, antispasmodic, antidiarrhoeal, diaphoretic, febrifuge. Used in restlessness, convulsions, nervous headache, colic, early stages of fever, colds and influenza. The herb is to be infused (not boiled).
Catnip contains iridoids, tannins and volatile oil, major components being alpha- and beta-nepetalactone (up to 42%), citronellol and geraniol.
The catnip response in the domestic cat is being attributed to iridoid lactones, nepetalactone, dihydronepetalactone, iso -dihydronepetalactone and neonepetalactone. Its reputation as a hallucinogen has been disputed, but a few studies have shown behavioural effects, although weak, in young chicks,

rodents and cats. (Potter’s New Cyclopaedia.)
Neptalactone is structurally related to valepotriates found in valerian. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Nepeta hindostana
(Roth) Haines.
Synonym N. ruderalis Buch-Ham. ex Benth.
Family Labiatae; Lamiaceae.
Habitat Punjab, Uttar Pradesh,
Bihar, West Bengal, Madhya
Pradesh and South India up to
2,400 m. (Blue-flowered var.)
Unani Baadranjboyaa, Bihilotan.
Also equated with
Melissa officinalis. Action See Nep eta cataria.
The alcoholic extract of the plant yielded a triterpenoid aldehyde, nepehinal. Nepetidone, nepedinol, and a triterpenic acid have also been reported. The plant contains flavonoids including nepitrin, dinatin, nepetin. Flowers and stem gave napetol, hen triacontane and beta-sitosterol. An aqueous extract of flowers contained Na, K, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cd, Cu, Ni, Mn and Fe.
Alcoholic extract of the plant produced marked hypocholesterolaemic effect in experimental animals. It also produced beneficial effects in the histopathology of myocardial infarction. Aqueous extract of the

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage