prionitis in other regions.)
Siddha/Tamil Kurinji, Sinnangurm u.
Action Used against neurological disorders, sciatica, glandular swellings and oedema.
Nothosaerva brachiata Wight.
Family Amaranthaceae.
Habitat Distributed in tropical Africa and Asia; found throughout the plains of India.
Folk Dhaulaa-findauri (Rajasthan).
Action Used as a substitute for Paashaanabheda
(Aerva lanata Juss. ex Schult., Amaranthaceae) for its diuretic and lithotriptic properties.

Habitat Konkan,Western Ghats, Deccan and hills of South India.
English Common Fleshy Rag-weed. Siddha/Tamil Mosakathu-thalai. Folk Waandar-Roti, Gaidar
Action Plant—feebly aperient. Used externally for pimples.
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn.
Oleaceae; Nyctanthaceae.
Habitat Outer Himalaya, Assam, West Bengal; cultivated in many parts of India.
English Tree of Sorrow, Night Jasmine, Coral Jasmine.
Ayurvedic Paarijaata, Shephaali, Shephaalikaa, Mandaara.

Unani Harasingaar.

Siddha Pavazha mattigai.

Action Leaves—bitter tonic, cholagogue, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, hypotensive, respiratory stimulant. Used for fevers, rheumatism, obstinate sciatica.
The leaves and seeds contain indoid glycosides; other constituents reported from the leaves are mannitol, beta-amyrin, beta- sitosterol, hentriacontane, benzoic acid, astragalin, nicotiflorin, oleanolic acid, nyctanthic acid, friedelin and lupeol. The seeds contain a polysaccharide glucomannan.
All parts of the plant are used for allergic disorders. Alcoholic extract of the plant was found to inhibit passive


Notonia grandiflora DC.

Family Compositae; Asteraceae.

Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex Salisb. 441

cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) in experimental animals. The inhibition was comparable to standard drugs

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage