used for allergy and bronchial asthma.
Ethanolic extract of the leaves, flowers and seeds demonstrated strong stimulation of antigen specific and non-specific immunity in mice.
The 50% ethanolic extracts of the leaves, flowers, seeds and roots were found effective in treating caecal amoebiasis caused by
Entamoeba histolytica in rats. But the extracts did not exhibit direct amoebicidal activity in vitro against trophozoites of the parasite.
The iridoid glucosides showed antileishmanial activity both
in vivo and in vitro.
Dosage Leaf—10—20 ml juice. (CCRAS.)
Nymphaea alba Linn.
Family Nymphaeaceae.
Habitat Kashmir (in lakes).
English European White Water-lily.
Ayurvedic Kumuda, Utpala (white- flowered var.) (Mahotpla is the
synonym of
Nelumbo nucfera.)
Unani Niofar.
Siddha/Tamil Alli (water lilies).
Action Flowers and rhizomes—astringent, demulcent, mild sedative, spasmolytic, antiseptic, antimicrobial. Used in the form of an infusion internally for chronic diarrhoea, as a douche for leucorrhoea and vaginitis, as a gargle for sore throat. Also given internally in prostatis.

Seeds—used in diabetes, also in cutaneous diseases. Filaments— astringent and cooling; prescribed for bleeding piles and menorrhagia. Plant—toxic on the nervous system.
The flowers contain flavonoids including quercetin, kaempferol, apigenin. Cardiac glucoside, nymphalin, showed sedative action in small doses.
The petroleum ether extract of the plant of
Nymphaea species, given at a dose of 300 mg/kg i.p. prevented necrosis of the liver tissue and promoted, to some extent, liver regeneration in CC14-induced toxicity.
Dosage Dried flowers—3—6 g (API, Vol. III); seed—3—6 g. powder

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage