Folk Root—used in nervous affections, uterine diseases, as a blood
purifier. Flower—antidiarrhoeal. Seed—emetic, cathartic. Plant— CNS depressant, hypothermic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory.
The root contains an essential oil, with salicylaldehyde as the chief component, a fixed oil, benzoic acid and sucrose. The plant gave Gab tannin and glucogallin.

Paeonia off icinalis Linn.

Family Paeoniaceae.

Habitat Indigenous to Great Britain.
English Paeony.
Unani Ood Saleeb, Ood Gharqi.
Action Root—antispasmodic, sedative, smooth muscle relaxant, vasodilatory, hypotensive,

Paederia foetida Linn.

460 Panax pseudoginseng Wall.

anti-inflammatory, analgesic, emmenagogue, hepatoprotective.
Flower—used for diseases of mucous membranes, fissures, anal
fissures associated with haemorrhoids, also for ailments of the respiratory tract, nervous conditions and skin diseases. Root— used for arthritis, neuralgia, neurasthenia, migraine, epilepsy, allergic disorders, whooping cough and painful spasms.
The herb gave monoterpene ester glucosides of the pinen-type (including paeoniflorin); anthocyanin including paeonin; tannins (pentagalloyl glucose); flavonoids including kaempferol glycosides.
Paeoniflorin shows a smooth muscle relaxant, vasodilatory, anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating and some CNS depressant activity in animal
   
studies. Pentagalloyl glucose exhib_______ ited antiviral activity in animal studies
in vitro against herpes simplex.
German Commission E included Paeony (flower and root) among unapproved herbs. The Pharmacopoeia of People’s Republic of China indicates the use of the root in dementia, headache and vertigo. (WHO.)
Panax pseudoginseng Wall.
Family
Araliaceae.
Habitat Western Himalayas,
Pithoragarh district of Uttaranchal.
English Indian Ginseng, Indian
Pseudoginseng.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage