Siddha/Tamil Thazhai, Thalay.
Action Flower carminative, stomachic, cooling, antiseptic. Used for headache, ulcers, dysuria, scabies and other skin diseases. Root— used for osteoarthritis, leucorrhoea and amenorrhoea; contraindicated during pregnancy. Leaves— used for skin diseases, small pox, scabies, leprosy. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the decoction of the root in abdominal inflammation. Oil and otto—stimulant, antispasmodic, antirheumatic.

The chief constituent of the oil is methyl ether of beta-phenylethyl alcohol. The oil also contains diterpene, d-linalool, phenylethyl acetate, citral, phenylethyl alcohol, ester of phthalic acid, fatty acids and stearoptene.
The leaves contain the piperidine alkaloids.
Dosage Root—29—30 g for
(API, Vol. I); flower linctus—25—30 ml. (CCRAS.).
Pandanus utilis Bory.
Family Pandanaceae.
Habitat Native of Malagasy; grown in Indian gardens.
Ayurvedic Ketaki (related species). Action Root—a decoction is
used for the treatment of venereal diseases.

Panicum miliaceum Linn.

Family Poaceae.

Habitat Cultivated mainly in Uttar
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra
Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil
English Common Millet, Proso Millet, Hog Millet.
Ayurvedic Chinaaka, Cheenaa.
Unani Chinaa Ghaas, Faaluudaa.
Siddha/Tamil Panivaragu.
Folk Chenaa, Chi-Tibet. Action Seeds (grains)—demulcent; used in diarrhoea. Plant— antigonorrhoeal.


462 Papaver rhoeas L.


Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage