P nudicaule Linn. (Gulmarg, Kashmir, at altitudes of 3,300—3,600 m), known as Iceland Poppy, gave alkaloids including papaverrubines B and D; leave gave cyanogenic glycosides including dhurrin and triglochinin. The flower and fruit are mild diaphoretic.
P orientale Linn. (indigenous to Mediterranean region; grown in Indian gardens), known as Oriental Poppy, contains 0.16% of alkaloids including thebaine, isothebane, protopine, glaucidine and oripavine. Latex from poppy capsule is narcotic.

Paris polyphylla Sm.

Family Liliaceae.

Habitat Temperate Himalayas
from Simla to Bhutan and in Lushai and Aka Hills.
Ayurvedic Haimavati, Shvetavachaa.


Folk Baal-bach.

464 Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.

Action Plant—sedative, analgesic, haemostatic, anthelmintic.
The rhizome contains a glucoside, alpha-paristyphnin, which exhibited a depressant action on carotid pressure, myocardium, and respiratory movements experimentally. It produced vasoconstriction in kidney, but vasodilation in the spleen and limbs, and stimulated isolated intestines.
Parmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.
Family Parmeliaceae.
Habitat Cultivated in Kashmir hills and the Himalayas.
Ayurvedic Shaileya, Shaileyaka, Shilaapushpa, Shilaadaaru,
Shailaka, Shiodbhava, Shaila,
Shailpushpa. Kaalaanu-saarthaka,
Bhuri-charilla, Sthavira, Vrddha,
Unani Charelaa.
Action Astringent, resolvent,
diuretic. Used externally for pain
in renal and lumbar regions. Also
used as an ingredient in cosmetic

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage