English Caltrops (bigger var.).

Pedilanthus tithymaloides Poir. 469

Ayurvedic Brihatgokshura, Kshouraka, Trikantaka, Gokantaka, Swaadukantaka, Bhakshantaka.
Unani Khaar-e-khasak Kalaan, Gokharu Kalaan.
Siddha/Tamil Peru-neranji, Annaineringi.
Action Fruit—used for spermatorrhoea, nocturnal emissions, menstrual irregularities, puerperal diseases, genitourinary disorders, difficult micturition, chronic cystitis, renal calculus. Root— antibiious.
The stem and fruits contain flavonoids pedalitin and its glucoside (pedaliin), diometin, dinatin and its derivatives. The fruits contain nonacosane, tritriacontane, triacontanoic acid, sitosterol-beta-D -glucoside, rubusic acid, luteolin as major constituents. Leaves and fruits yield phenolic acids which include caffeic, protocatechuic, p-coumaric and ferulic acids. Flowers gave dinatin, quercetin and quercetin7-glucoside.
Aqueous extract of the fruit is reported to produce
in vitro inhibitory effect on crystallization in urinary lithiasis. The solubility of uric acid in aqueous extract is reported to be 45% more than in water alone.
The plant extracts exhibit diuretic activity.
Dosage Fruit, root—3—5 g powder; 50—100 mL decoction.
Pedicularis pectinata WalL

Habitat The Himalayas from Kashmir eastwards at altitudes of 2,000—4,300 m, extending to Sikkim.
English Lousewort.
Folk b Mishran, Michren (Punjab), Lugro-maarpro (Kashmir).
Action Leaves—astringent, haemostatic, diuretic.
The herb is closely related to Eye- bright
(Euphrasia officinalis Linn.) of the same family, found in the Temperate Himalayas from Kashmir to Kumaon. Eyebright is astringent and bacteriostatic.
Pedilanthus tithymaloides Poir. Family Euphorbiaceae.
Habitat Native to West Indies; cultivated as an ornamental.
English Slipper Plant, Bird-Cactus.
Folk Viaayati-sher (Maharashtra), Naagaphani, Naagadaman (Madhya Pradesh).
Action Latex—used for warts, leucoderma, venereal diseases.
Root—emetic (used in West Indies
as Ipecacuanha).
An extract of the air-dried and powdered whole plant contains octacosanol, cycloartenone, oxime and

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage