Periploca aphylla Decne.
Family Asclepiadaceae; Periplocaceae.
Habitat Punjab and Rajasthan. Folk Barn (Punjab).
Action ø Plant—stomachic; used in cerebral fever. Bark—purgative. Latex—used against tumours and swellings
The leaves and stems contain 2.2% of resin alcohol, a bitter substance, tannin and small quantities of a glucosidal principle which produces first a decrease and then an increase in blood pressure. The bark contain 8% tannin.
Periploca calophylla Falc.
Habitat The Himalayas, from
Kashmir to Nepal and Meghalaya, ascending to 1,800 m.
Ayurvedic Krishna Saarivaa
(substitute). (Cryptolepis buchanani is equated with Krishna Saarivaa.)
Action Used in place of Cryptolepis buchanani and Hemidesmus indicus for rheumatism, urinary and skin diseases.
The glycosides locin, plocin, plocini calocin, calocinin, as well as triterpenoids, have been reported from the twigs.
Peristrophe bicalyculata Nees.
Habitat Distributed throughout India.
Praachibalaa, Sulomshaa, Kaakatikta, Kaakajanghaa. (Aatarilaal is
a wrong synonym. It is equated
with Anthriscus cerefolium Hoffm., used in Unani medicine.)
474 Persea americana Mill.
Action Plant—febrifuge. The essential oil shows tuberculostatic activity in vitro. It inhibits the growth of various strains of Mycobaterium tuberculosis.
Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India recommends the dried root in insomnia and for fear-psychosis in