galactose and galacturonic acid have been identified in the fruit. Invert sugar predominates in the soft dates; sucrose in dry varieties. The dried date, used in Ayurvedic


Pholidota articulata Lindi. 479

and Unani compositions, contains protein 2.5—3, fat 0.5, carbohydrates 75.8— 82.9% and calcium 35.9, phosphorus
129.3 and iron 3.4 mg!100 g.
Presence of sterols of ergosterol group, and esterone has been reported from dried date seeds.
Charged C-glycosylflavones and caffeylshikimic acid, leucocyanidin are characteristically present in the plant. Flavonol glycosides are also common. Several uncharged C-glycosylflavones were also detected.
Dosage Fresh fruit—10—50 g, dried fruit—10—15 g.
(API, Vol. IV.)

Phoenix paludosa Roxb.

Family Palmae.

Habitat Coastal swamps of West Bengal (particularly Sundarbans), Orissa and the Andamans.
Ayurvedic Hintala.
Folk Hital (Orissa), Hintalamu (Telugu).
Action Fruits—antiphlogistic, cooling; used in flatulence.
Triacontanol, beta- sitosterol have been isolated from the plant.
Phoenix pusilla Gaertn.
Palmae; Arecaceae. Habitat Coromandel Coast. Ayurvedic Parushaka (Kerala).
(Grewia asiatica Linn., Tiliaceae, is
also equated with Parushaka.)

Siddha/Tamil Kalangu, Ithi, Sagi.
Action Fruit—cooling, laxative. Used in respiratory disorders.
Gum—used in diarrhoea and
genitourinary diseases. Fresh sap— laxative.
Phoenix sylvestris Roxb.
Palmae; Arecaceae.
Habitat Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.
English Wild Date Palm.
Ayurvedic Kharjuuri.
Siddha/Tamil Periyaitcham, Icham.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage