Ayurvedic Tankaari, Parpotikaa, Chirapotikaa.
Siddha/Tamil Sodakku thakkali.
Action Berries—diuretic, aperient, alterative. Used for gout and urinary diseases.
Quercetin 3-0-galactoside, isolated from the crude extract of the leaves, is reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity comparable to phenylbutazone in carageenan-induced rat paw oedema.
Physalis minima Linn. var indica C. B. Clarke is common weed in irrigated fields and bunds.
The plant contains withasteroids, physalindicanols, withaminimin and withaphysalin, 3-0-glucosides of kaempferol and quercetin, in addition to beta-sitosterol and its glucoside.
The diuretic action of
Physalis minima leaves is attributed to the high content of potassium nitrate (8—10%).


Physalis peruviana Linn.

Family Solanaceae.

484 Physochlaina praealta Miers.

Habitat Native to tropical America; grown in the hills and plains
throughout India.
English Cape Gooseberry.
Ayurvedic Parpoti (var.).
Siddha/Tamil Perungunni, Pottipallam.
Folk Rasbhari, Mako.
Action Plant—diuretic. Leaf— anthelmintic, an infusion is used in abdominal disorders. Fruits— a good source of carotene and
ascorbic acid; eaten as a table fruit.
The fruit contain carotene (as vitamin A) 2,380 IU, thiamine 0.05, riboflavin 0.02, nicotinic acid 0.3 and ascorbic acid 49 mg!100 g; mineral matter 0.8%; phytin phosphorus 18,
iron 2.0, ionizable iron 0.9, sodium 0.9,
potassium 320, copper 0.19, and sul phu 43 mg!100 g. The juice from the
P ripe fruits contain considerable quan tit of pectin. The chief acid is citric
acid, but malic and tartaric acids are
also present.
The plant is a source of highly oxy genate ergostane -type of steroids—
withanolides and related compounds.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage