Family Polygonaceae.
Habitat Throughout India in wet places.
English Water Pepper, Pepperwort, Smartweed.
Folk Paakur-muula, Paani-maricha (Bengal).
Action Haemostatic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, lithotriptic, emmenagogue (used as infusion for delayed menses and amenorrhoea), antifungal (root and leaf used externally). Contraindicated during pregnancy.
The herb contains sesquiterpenes, including warburganal and polygodial, in the leaves; polygonal, isodrimeninol, isopolygodial and confertifolin in the seeds; and flavonoids including
F p quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin
and rhamnesin; polygonolide (an iso coumarin). Isoquercitrin exhibited significant
anti-oxidative activity. Polygodial and
warburganal possess significant an tifunga property. Warburganal also
possesses potent cytotoxic and antibi oti activity. (The herb is used against
cancer.)

Polygonum plebeium R.Br.

Family Polygonaceae.

English Throughout warmer parts of India in moist areas, ascending to 2,100 m in the Himalayas.
Ayurvedic Sarpaakshi (a confusing synonym).

Folk Muniyaaraa (Bihar), Raaniphool, Macheti, Dubiaa Saaga.
Action Galactogenic, antidiarrhoeal. Powdered herb is given in pneumonia.
The whole plant yields 11% tannin. The rootstock contains oxymethylanthraquinone.
Flowers gave oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, epi-friedelanol, beta-sitosterol, and flavonoids—quercetin, quercetin3- arabinoside and quercetin- 3 -rutinoside.
Polygonum viviparum Linn.
Family
Polygonaceae.
Habitat The Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim at 3,300— 4,800 m.
English Viviparous Bistort.
Unani Anjabaar. (substitute).
Folk Billori, Maamekh (Punjab).
Action Rootstock—astringent, antidiarrhoeal, antileucorrhoeic, antiseptic, antiperiodic. Used in haemoptysis; also for gleet. A decoction is used as a gargle for sore throat and spungy gums, as a lotion

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage