tract. (German Commission E, ESCOP) Contraindicated in gastritis and gastric ulcer. (ESCOP)

The roots and rhizomes of P veris and P elatior contain a saponin, yielding a sapogenin, primulagenin A. A flavonol glycoside named primulaflavonoloside has been reported in the flowers of P veris. The root of P veris are considered as a substitute for Senega (Polygala senega) roots.
Anthocyanidins have been detected in most of the
Prim ula species, also a highly toxic allergenic substance, primin, in the leaves and glandular hairs. The floral and foliar parts of the different genotypes showed presence of kaempferol, quercetin and myricetin.

Primula vulgaris Huds. Synonym P acaulis Hifi.

Family Prim ulaceae.

Habitat Sub-Himalayan region.
Primrose (Evening
Primrose is equated with Oenothera biennis), Cowslip.
Unani Nakhud. (Also equated with Cicer arietinum by National Formulary of Unani Medicine.)
Action Plant—anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, vermifuge, emetic. Used only externally.
The plant gave phenolic glycosides, flavonoids, sap onins.


Prosopis chilensis Stuntz. Synonym Prosopisjulflora DC.

Family Mimosaceae.

518 Prosopis spicigera Linn.

Habitat Argentine, Arid, Mexican, Peruvian and Australian species
have been introduced into India.
English Mesquite.
Folk Khejaraa, Vilaayati Kikar, Kaabuli Kikar.
Action Gum—inferior to Gum arabic. The dry wood contains 0.9, bark 3.0—8.4, and roots 6—7% tannin.
The leaves contain piperidine alkaloids, juliprosinene, juliflorinine and N-methyljuliforidine. Other alkaloids present in the leaves are juliprosine, isojuliprosine, juliflorine, julifloricine and julifloridine.
A mixture of alkaloids containing mainly juliprosine and isojuliprosine showed significant antifungal activity against dermatophytes (comparable to
_______ griseofulvin).
  The alkaloid fraction also showed
broad spectrum bactericidal action

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage