in Himachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
English Almond.
Ayurvedic ø Vaataama, Vaataada.
Unani Baadaam Shireen, Loz.
Siddha/Tamil i Vaadumai.
Action Kernels—nutritious,
demulcent and stimulant nervine tonic; valuable in diets for peptic ulcer. Unripe fruits— astringent, applied to gums. Oil—nutritive, demulcent, slightly laxative.
Almond flour made from the residue left after expressing almond oil, and almond butter, is used for the preparation of starch-free diabetic food.
The chief protein of almond is a globulin, amandin, an albumin is also reported. Amandin has a high arginine content (11.9%). The primary chemical difference between the sweet and bitter kernel lies in the high content (2.5—3.5%) of amygdalin in bitter kernel; the ripe sweet almond being free of this cyanogenetic glucoside. Owing to the presence of amygdalin, which on enzymatic hydrolysis yields hydro cyanic acid, the bitter almond is not fit for human consumption.
The oil yield from bitter kernels is usually 38 to 45% and from sweet almond
44 to 55%. The bitter almond oil containing hydrocyanic acid finds limited use in medicine as an antispasmodic and sedative. Dissolved in 50 times water, it is applied externally in prurigo seniis. Hydrocyanic acid-free oil is used for flavouring purposes.
Partial replacement of saturated fatty acids with almonds lowers total

plasma cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.

Prunus armeniaca Linn.

Family Rosaceae.

Habitat North-western Himalayas, particularly in the valleys of
Kashmir, Chenab and Kullu, and in
Simla hills at altitudes of 3,000 m.
English Apricot.
Ayurvedic Peetaalu, Aaluka, Urumaana.
Unani Khuubaani, Mashmash. Action Powdered kernels— antitussive, antiasthmatic.
The dried apricot contains, 3,4- dihydroxybenzoic, chlorogenic and vanillic acids, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin, hyperoside and kaempferol. Apricot leaves contain quercetin, cynadin, kaempferol, caffeic acid and p-coumaric acid.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

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