analgesic properties similar to those of oxyphenylbutazone and hydrocortisone. It demonstrated better antipyretic activity than paracetamol experimentally.
Oral administration of the powdered seeds has generally resulted in side reactions (nausea, vomiting, purging); external application generally proved highly irritant to the skin.
Dosage Seed𥹓 g powder (CCRAS.); 3-6 g powder (API, Vol. I).
Pterocarpus dalbergioides Roxb.
Family Fabaceae.
Habitat The Andamans, sparingly cultivated in West Bengal.
English Andaman Padauk, Andaman Redwood.

524 Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

Ayurvedic Rakta-chandana (var.).
Siddha Vengai (Tamil), Yerravegisa (Telugu).
Folk Chalangada (Andamans).
Action See Pterocarpus santalinus.
The wood contains a red pigment santalin and a yellow flavonoid santal, both of which also occur in Pterocarpus santalinus. The bark and the heartwood contain pterostilbene. The heartwood yields pterocarpin, liquiritigenin and isoliquiritigenin. The sap- wood gave homopterocarpin additionally.
Pterocarpus indicus Willd. non-Baker, Malay Padauk, is also known as Vengai in Tamil and Yerravegisa in Telugu. A decoction of the wood is given in dropsy and for stone in the bladder. The bark-kino is used as an application for sores and a decoction of the bark or kino is used for diarrhoea.
Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
Family
Papilionaceae; Fabaceae.
Habitat Throughout the tropical zones of India in the hilly regions.
English Indian Kino tree, Malabar Kino tree.
Ayurvedic
Asana, Bijaka, Priyaka, Pitashaala.

Unani Bijaysaar.

Siddha/Tamil Vengai.

Action Bark-kino梐stringent, antthaemorrhagic, antidiarrhoeal. Flowers梖ebrifuge. Leaves梪sed externally for skin diseases.

Key application Heartwood in anaemia, worm infestation, skin diseases, urinary disorders, lipid disorders and obesity. Stem bark梚n diabetes. (The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.)

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage