Habitat Dry hot slopes of the
Himalayas from Punjab to Nepal
and in the hills of Madhya Pradesh
and South India.
English Sumach.
Ayurvedic Tintidi, Tintindeeka.
Unani Sumaaq.
Folk Raitung, Tung (Kumaon).
Action Fruit juice梫ermifuge.
The leaves contain the flavonoids, myricetin, quercetin and kaempferol and their 3-0-rhamnosides; the stems and leaves also gave hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, beta-sitosterol, lignoceric acid and iso-rhamnetin-3-alpha- L-arvinoside.
Smooth Sumach and Sweet Sumach (Canada and USA) are equated with
Rhus glabra L. and R. aromatica Ait. Smooth Sumach is astringent and diuretic. Sweet Sumach is used for its antidiabetic activity; the root bark is

used for irritable bladder, bed-wetting and urinary incontinence. (Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database, 2007.)
Fruit𦠮 g powder. (CCRAS.)
Rhus succedanea Linn. Synonym R. acuminata DC. Family Anacardiaceae.
Habitat The temperate Himalayas, from Kashmir, Sikkim to Bhutan at altitudes of 6002,500 m.
English Japanese Wax tree, Wild Varnish tree.
Ayurvedic Karkatashringee. (Used as a substitute for Pistacia integerrima galls.).
Unani Kaakraasingi.
Siddha/Tamil Karkatakasringi, Kadukapoo (galls).
Action Thorn-like excrescences on the branches梐stringent, expectorant; prescribed in diarrhoea, dysentery and vomiting. Fruits expectorant (used as an adjuvant in tuberculosis).
The sapwood and heartwood contain polyphenols. The sapwood contains gallo tannin; the heartwood gave fisetin, and its -7-glucoside, fustin, garbanzol, 3,7,4 -trihydroxyflavone, gallic and ellagic acid. The bark is reported to contain 10% of tannin.
The juice from the leaves causes blisters. Leaves contain 20% tannin (dry basis), a flavone glycoside rhoifolin, corilagin and shikimic acid. Ethanolic

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb抯 Identification and Usage