Synonym R. brunonii Lindl.
Habitat Central and Western Himalayas, ascending to 3,000 m.
English Himalayan Musk Rose. (Flowers—white, fruit—orange red or dark brown.)
Ayurvedic Kubjaka (non-classical). Folk Kujai, Kuujaa.
Action Plant—used in bilious
affections, irritation of the skin and
_______ eye diseases. Rose water and otto
R) is extracted from the flowers in Himachal Pradesh.
Rosa multiflora Thunb.
Synonym R. polyantha Sieb. & Zucc.
Habitat Cultivated in Kulu. Occasionally found in hedges and abandoned coffee plantations in Upper Ghats.
Ayurvedic Rakta-Taruni (non- classical).

Action Fruit—antiseptic, applied to wounds, injuries, sprains and foul ulcers.
The fruit yielded beta-sitosterol, scoparone, salicylic and gallic acid. Fruits contained multiform; flower petals gave astragalin. A purgative compound, multinoside A acetate, has been isolated from the fruit. Quercetin-3- O-xyloside, isoquercitrin and hyperin were also isolated.
Floral absolute oil contains eugenol (22.8), phenylethanol (18.1) and heneicosane (10.2%).
The root gave a triterpenoid, tormentic acid.
The plant extract, along with kojic acid or its derivatives, produced excellent skin-lightening and sun-burn preventing effects.

Rosa rubra Blackw.

Synonym R. gallica Linn.
Habitat Indian gardens.
English French Rose.

Ayurvedic Rakta-Taruni (nonclassical), Gulaab.
Action Dried petals—tonic and astringent. Used in debility, excessive mucous discharges and bowel complaints. The oil and rose water—used in bronchial asthma and as a remedy for skin irritation.
The flowers yield 0.027—0.036% of an essential oil. It contains geraniol 40—76, l-citronellol 15—37,

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage