English European Elder.
Siddha/Tamil Sevai, Sayai.
Action
Root—astringent, carminative, antispasmodic. Used for diarrhoea. Bark—anthelmintic.
Fruit hulls gave bryonic and bryonolic acids, mesoinosital and dimethyl mucate; heartwood also gave triterpenic acids including katonic and indicic acid.
The seeds gave limonoids—sandoricm and 6-hydroxysandoricin. A secotriterpene, koetjapic acid, together with katonic acid, has been isolated from the stem. Sandoricin and 6- hydroxysandoricin exhibited effective antifeedant activity. Katonic acid exhibited significant cytotoxicity against a variety of cultured human cancer cells.

Santalum album Linn. 579
San icu Ia europaea Linn. Rhizomes—diuretic, diaphoretic,
expectorant.
Family Umbellferae.
The leaf contains aconitic acid; the
Habitat Europe, including Britain.
The Himalayas from Kashmir to root yielded an alkaloid sansevierine
(0.018%).
Bhutan, Assam, Western Ghats and
Palni hills in South India.
English Wood Sanicle.
Sansevieria roxburghiana
Action
Plant—astringent, alterative, J. & J. Schultes
vulnerary. Used in leucorrhoea,
menorrhagia, bleeding piles; also in
Synonym S. zeylanica auct.
diarrhoea and dysentery. The herb non-(L.) Wild.
is also employed as an ingredient of Family
Liliaceae.
an ointment used for septic ulcers.
Habitat The eastern coast of India
The herb contains saponins based on from West Bengal to Tamil Nadu in
saniculogenins; allantoin; chlorogenic South.
and rosmarinic acids. The flowers con-
English Indian Bowstring Hemp.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage