English Chinese Tallow tree.
Folk Tayapippali, Vilaayati Shisham, Mom-China.
Action Seed oil—vulnerary, emetic, purgative; used for skin diseases and for promoting healing of wounds.

582 Saponaria officinalis Linn.

Leaves latex—vesicant. Bark—a decoction is given in dyspepsia. Resin—purgative.
Chinese vegetable tallow (of low iod. val.) is obtained from waxy mass covering the seed; the Stillingia Oil (of high iod. val.) from the kernel. The tallow from Indian trees contains 62.3% palmitic and 27.4% oleic acid. A related species, S.
discolor Muell-Arg., introduced into the Lal Bagh Gardens, Ban- galore, yields a tallow containing comparatively more oleic and less palmitic acids. Stillingia Oil is considered superior to linseed oil. The oil contains launc, myristic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids; the leaves contain ellagic and gallic acids, isoquercitrin and tannin 5.5%.
Ethanol extract of powdered root bark yielded 0.1% phloroacetophenone 2,4-dimethylether and menthol extract gave xanthoxyline. The bark also contains moretenone, moretenol and a tnterpene, 3-epi-moretenol.
Saponaria officinalis Linn.
Habitat Native to temperate region of Europe; introduced in Indian
English Bouncing Bet, Soapwort.
Action Roots—blood purifier, cholagogue, expectorant, diuretic, diaphoretic. Roots and leaves— used for scrofula and skin diseases. Sap used as a depurative for scabies, furuncles, hepatic eruptions and venereal ulcers (as a lotion). Plant— employed for jaundice (to increase

bile flow); also in respiratory
disorders (bronchitis, sore throat).
Key application Root—in catarrhs of the upper respiratory tract.
(German Commission E.)
The plant contains saponin, sapotoxin and saponanin. The root contains sapotoxin (4—5%) and saporubninic acid. Saponin content of the root is highest (7.7—8.2%) just before flowering stage and the lowest (about 3%) during the flowering period. The bark yield 0.8% of saponin. The leaves contain saponanin. Youngest leaves show the highest haemolytic activity.
Aqueous extract of the plant exhibit antibacterial activity.

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage