Wall. ex C. B. Clarke.
Family Compositae; Asteraceae.
Habitat The Himalayas from
Kashmir to Sikkim at 4,200— 5,000 m.
Folk Brahma-kamal (Kumaon); Birm-kanwal (Punjab).
Action Roots—antiseptic, styptic, anti-inflammatory. Applied to
wounds and cuts.
Plant—hypothermic. Flower—CNS active, antiviral. The flowers, after frying, are used in rheumatism.
Saussurea sacra Edgew.

Family Compositae; Asteraceae.

588 Scaevola frutescens auct. non-Krause.

Habitat Near snow line at
elevations of 4,000 m and above in the Himalayas.
English Yogiraj Plant, Sacred Saussurea.
Folk Jogi-paadshaah (Kashmir), Ghuggi (Garhwal).
Action Plant—used for nervous debility. Root—used for gynaecological disorders.
Scaevola frutescens
auct. non-Krause.
Synonym S. koenigii Vahl.
S. taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. Family Goodeniaceae.
Habitat Sea coasts all around India and in the Andaman Islands.
English Fan Flower, Malay Rice Paper Plant.
Siddha/Tamil Vella-muttangam. Folk Bhadraka, Bhadraaksha.
Action Leaves—digestive, carminative; applied externally on tumours and swollen legs. Fruit—juice, internally for inducing menstruation. Roots—used for dysentery.
A decoction of the leaves and the bark is reported to combat tachycardia, one of the principal symptoms of beriberi. The drug reduces the frequency of heartbeat, slows down pulse rate and at the same time stimulates the heart to normal contraction (does not possess cumulative action of digitalis). The drug acts as a diuretic by increasing the tension in the renal arteries without causing irritation of the

kidney parenchyma; and is used for dropsy.
The aerial parts gave loganin, sylvestroside III, its dimethyl acetal, cantleyoside and its dimethyl acetal.
Schima wallichii

Encyclopedia of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants

A Candle of Medicinal Herb’s Identification and Usage